Target populationChildren and adolescents.
Gender and sexual orientation are two different phenomena. Gender refers to the question: Who am I?, and sexual orientation is related to interpersonal relationships, it refers to physical, emotional and romantic attraction, i.e., the question: Who do I like?
Gender role: It means behaviors, attitudes and personality traits that a society (within a certain culture and historical period) designates as masculine or feminine and/or what society associates or considers as typical of men or women’s social role.
A healthcare model based on the following premises:
-Gender variations are not disorders.
-Gender presentations are diverse and variable.
-Gender implies an interconnection of biology, development, socialization, culture and context.
-Gender can be a continuum, it is not binary.
-Pathology often comes from cultural reactions.
It is process through which transgender people change their physical appearance and social and/or legal characteristics, consistent with the asserted gender identity. Permanent changes are only recommended after coming of age.
This term refers to the anguish and discomfort experienced when gender identity and designated gender do not completely match.
In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association published the fifth edition of the DSM-5 and replaced “gender identity disorder” by “gender dysphoria” and changed diagnosis criteria.
Transgender: person whose gender identity differs from sex assigned at birth. Its abbreviation is Trans.
Non-binary: person who is not satisfied with their gender and is not identified as a man or as a woman.